Search results in category Scientific Articles

Scientist are becoming more interested in all forms of tattoo services, In this section of the site you will finds links to recent and or significant publications by scientists in relation to Cosmetic Tattooing, MicroPigmentation and Medical Tattooing.

 

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Nickel and chromium containing particles from tattoo needle wear & its impact on allergic reactions





Nickel and chromium containing particles from tattoo needle wear & its impact on allergic reactions

by CosmeticTattoo.org on 29/08/2019 - 12:04 pm



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Title:

Distribution of nickel and chromium containing particles from tattoo needle wear in humans and its possible impact on allergic reactions.



Abstract:
Allergic reactions to tattoos are amongst the most common side effects occurring with this permanent deposition of pigments into the dermal skin layer. The characterization of such pigments and their distribution has been investigated in recent decades. The health impact of tattoo equipment on the extensive number of people with inked skin has been the focus of neither research nor medical diagnostics. Although tattoo needles contain high amounts of sensitizing elements like nickel (Ni) and chromium (Cr), their influen ...

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A special case of medicine in disguise: Tattoo inks containing anaesthetics





A special case of medicine in disguise: Tattoo inks containing anaesthetics

by CosmeticTattoo.org on 19/03/2019 - 01:47 pm



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Title:
A special case of medicine in disguise: Tattoo inks containing anaesthetics


Abstract:

The authors describe a case of medicine in disguise: seized tattoo inks containing lidocaine and tetracaine at high concentration.
Identification of anaesthetics was performed by LC MS Q-TOF with ESI+ source, by accurate mass measurement and by comparing the fragmentation patterns of molecular ions, at 30 V and 10 V of collision-offset voltage, with reference standards.



Industry Significance Rating:
High - Industry alert, report has major implications related to health and safety.


Publication:
Talanta. Volume 198, 1 June 2019, Pages 337-343.


Authors:
Livia ...

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High speed ink aggregates are ejected from tattoos during Q‐switched Nd:YAG laser treatments





High speed ink aggregates are ejected from tattoos during Q‐switched Nd:YAG laser treatments

by CosmeticTattoo.org on 28/03/2018 - 11:45 am



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Title:
High speed ink aggregates are ejected from tattoos during Q‐switched Nd:YAG laser treatments.


Abstract:
IntroductionDark material has been observed embedded within glass slides following Q‐switched Nd:YAG laser treatment of tattoos. It appears that these fragments are ejected at high speed from the skin during the treatment.


Industry Significance Rating:
Medium - Industry wide monitoring is recommended.


Publication:
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine. 2018 Mar 25.


Authors:
Michael J. Murphy BSc.


Links:
 Article Link
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Discussion:

The author describes the finding of part ...

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Unveiling skin macrophage dynamics explains both tattoo persistence and strenuous removal





Unveiling skin macrophage dynamics explains both tattoo persistence and strenuous removal

by CosmeticTattoo.org on 08/03/2018 - 08:57 pm



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Title:
Unveiling skin macrophage dynamics explains both tattoo persistence and strenuous removal.


Abstract:
The authors: "describe a new mouse model that exploits the pattern of expression of the high-affinity IgG receptor (CD64) and allows diphtheria toxin (DT)-mediated ablation of tissue-resident macrophages and monocyte-derived cells. We found that the myeloid cells of the ear skin dermis are dominated by DT-sensitive, melanin-laden cells that have been missed in previous studies and correspond to macrophages that have ingested melanosomes from neighboring melanocytes. Those cells have been referred to as melanophages in humans. We also identified melanophages in melanocy ...

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Identification of organic pigments in tattoo inks & permanent make-up using laser mass spectrometry





Identification of organic pigments in tattoo inks & permanent make-up using laser mass spectrometry

by CosmeticTattoo.org on 07/02/2018 - 03:12 pm



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Title:
Identification of organic pigments in tattoo inks and permanent make-up using laser desorption ionisation mass spectrometry.


Abstract:
Nowadays, about 12% of the European and 20% of the US population are tattooed. Rising concerns regarding consumer safety, led to legal restrictions on tattoo and permanent make-up (PMU) inks. Restrictions also include bans on certain colourants. Both ink types use organic pigments for colour-giving, plus inorganic pigments for white and black and colour tones. Pigments are only sparingly soluble in common solvents and occur as suspended particles in the ink matrix. Their detection and identification therefore pose a major challenge for ...

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Microbiological survey of commercial tattoo and permanent makeup inks available in the United States





Microbiological survey of commercial tattoo and permanent makeup inks available in the United States

by CosmeticTattoo.org on 03/02/2018 - 11:18 am



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Title:

Microbiological survey of commercial tattoo and permanent makeup inks available in the United States



Abstract:
AIMS: Tattooing and use of permanent makeup (PMU) has dramatically increased over the last decade, with a concomitant increase in ink-related infections. The aim of this study was to determine whether microorganisms are present, and if so, the number and their identification, in the commercial tattoo and PMU inks available in the United States. METHODS AND RESULTS: We surveyed 85 unopened tattoo and PMU inks, purchased from 13 companies. We incubated 100 μL of ink samples on trypticase soy agar plates for bacterial growth, 7H10 Middlebrook medium for ...

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